Belief is a powerful Medicine. The Essay Sitting in the waiting room feeling sickly and uneasy, hoping that it is your turn to see the doctor and trying to distract yourself from the pain you feel you hope that whatever the doctor describes will work.
Hire Writer More specifically, the matter of the influence of human psychological processes on what has traditionally been considered purely physiological disorders is one of the most inflaming causes of disagreements between the mentioned approaches. This tension that in one form or another is ongoing between representatives of different medical camps to a large degree defines the modern discourse of approaches to the medical treatment Miller,pp.
In this regard, it would be interesting to closely investigate the existing literature that represents the current state of affairs in the perception of the connection between the Placebo effect essay example and the body.
As a suitable object of our analysis may serve the book written by Doctor of Medicine John E. The combination Placebo effect essay example the academic approaches of the author to the support of his material and the popularity of the book among lay people to whom it is largely addressed suggests that on the example of this work we may judge the level of penetration of what could unanimously be perceived alternative medicine not long time ago into the modern medical discourse.
With all this in mind, let us examine the volume of John E. Sarno in the context of its connection as of a textbook of applied psychosomatic medicine with the modern medical paradigms.
Background on psychosomatic medicine The origins of the psychosomatic medicine can be found in the teachings of early Western philosophers and physicians who acknowledged that emotions played an important role for the human health Cacioppo,p.
|Get help with your homework||Description The 'placebo effect' occurs where ineffective medical interventions have actual effect.|
Still, the Western medicine has traditionally been more inclined towards the study of the significance of bodily functions Loudon,p. However, by the middle of the nineteenth century the level of attention to the involvement of emotions in diseases development grew as the observational evidence was accumulating that had suggested that some disorders were not always accompanied by organic affections U.
National Library of Medicine, For example, only since the seventeenth and the eighteenth centuries such a neurosis as hysteria began to be linked with emotional factors and the nervous system in general.
Even Sigmund Freud participated in the study of symptoms of hysteria, and one of his conclusions was that they are based on memories linked to mental traumas which under certain conditions may intrude in the processes of somatic innervation.
In this way, a possible mechanism for the interaction between mind and body was offered that was reminiscent of mechanisms that Sarno would be describing in his book.
The German psychoanalysts Georg Groddeck even went as far as claiming that psychological mechanisms engendering hysteria can be applied to all somatic diseases which from this point of view are the bodily manifestations of unconscious psychological processes.
In the s psychoanalyst Franz Alexander attempted to find a compromise between the Freudian theory, such views as those of Groddeck, and existing knowledge of physiology.
He was against excessively psychological interpretations that ignored the automatic mechanisms in the body that to a large degree directed emotional expressions. The theoretical basis developed by Alexander contributed in the United States to the invigorated extensive research of psychosomatic mechanisms, and psychosomatic medicine as a separate field of study was formed in when the medical journal dedicated to this branch of medicine was published.
After that time, psychosomatic medicine was only gaining momentum. For example, World War II spurred the interest to it due to numerous manifestations of psychosomatic symptoms in soldiers.
Eventually, by the s interest to psychosomatic medicine and its scientific background grew so much that its concepts entered the popular culture as media started to publish numerous articles and thus popularized psychosomatic theories U. Now, fast forward to today, and we can witness that many of the postulates of psychosomatic medicine are already among the undisputed popular opinions of many people, and for instance the maxim that in order to stay healthy a person should avoid excessive stresses and disturbing emotional states is among the most frequently heard ones in both media sources and in our everyday interaction.
However, after the surge of academic interest to it half a century ago, psychosomatic medicine, in contrast to its successful penetration into the public perception, somewhat lost momentum within scientific circles in the second half of the twentieth century Kennedy,p.
So, it is in such circumstances that the book of John E. The book of John E. Thus, in both of those books the author touches upon very urgent topics for the modern American society in which an increasing number of people are plagued by back, neck, or limb pain.
In fact, this is a serious economic problem as well, as industries in which large percentage of people are working at computers bear significant health insurance burden due to a variety of similar disorders causing pain, like fibromyalgia or repetitive stress injury Sarno, More generally, pain as such in its different forms is a crippling problem for many individuals in both their professional and private lives Margoles,pp.
Importantly, in doing so the author tries to fill the gap existing in the traditional methods of chronic pain treatment that are apparently unable to stop this pain epidemic. From the very beginning of the main body of the volume it becomes clear for a reader that the author adopts a holistic approach to his subject.
More specifically, Sarno opens the first chapter of the book with construction of various typical and stressful scenarios that in one form or another take place in lives of many of us and contribute to chronic physical pain that people experience. What is untypical, though, is that Sarno from the very beginning of the book begins to draw our attention to what could be considered as a minor element of those scenarios, but what in reality, according to the author, underlies the different manifestation of the pain disorders.
Now, this initial attention to the emotional side of our life is in a good agreement with our above observations about the widely acknowledged role that our mind plays in our health, and the author as if resumes that the existence of the definite connection between our emotional experiences and our bodily health is factual.
After all, while general public does not always bother to verify its views, practitioners of classical pathophysiology would surely expect solid support of any claim related to the emotional aspects of diseases and illnesses and to the connection between pain problems and stress.
At the same time, having chosen the non-technical style of presentation Sarno procured the easiness of reading for common people whose pain-related problems are the actual target of the book. The preface and the introduction of the book summarize theories and experience of Sarno with treatment of back pain and other types of musculoskeletal disturbances.Penny Sarchet discusses research on the 'nocebo' effect in her winning essay for the Wellcome Trust science writing prize, awarded in association with the Guardian and Observer extreme example.
Does a Supportive Patient-Therapist Relationship Enhance Clinical Improvement? Kaptchuk (), Components of Placebo Effect: Randomised Controlled Trial in Patients with Irritable Bowel Syndrome. Cause-effect essays typically examine either causes or effects.
Choose an interesting subject and brainstorm the reasons for — or causes of — a specific outcome or effect. For example, a business major might discuss the causes of a company's success, focusing . Feb 25, · Best Answer: Try a famous example of the placebo effect, examine it, etc. For example try the tuskegee syphilis case look it caninariojana.com is about a large group of black men who had syphilis that were given medicine and treatment that they were told was to cure syphilis but it Status: Resolved.
Placebo Paper. вЂњPlacebo effect is the term applied by medical science to the therapeutical and healing effects of inert medicines and/or ritualistic.