Eugene England and Bruce R.
Saturday, June 28, Is Peter "Cephas"? I received an email from a reader who asks question whether or not Peter is the figure also identified elsewhere in the New Testament as "Cephas".
You said that Paul saw Peter as a "pillar" of the community. As support of this, Paul uses the name "Peter" in Galatians 2: Why use two names in the same breath if the same person is meant? In short, the answer is, "No, these are not two individuals. Dale Allison persuasively rebutted his arguments in a follow up piece in available here.
Here, as a kind of supplement to the reading reflection I have already offered for the Solemnity of Sts. Peter and Paul, I'd briefly like to look at this question and highlight some of the arguments Allison employs. The text of Galatians.
First, however, let's take a look at Galatians 2: And from those who were reputed to be something what they were makes no difference to me; God shows no partiality —those, I say, who were of repute added nothing to me; 7 but on the contrary, when they saw that I had been entrusted with the gospel to the uncircumcised, just as Peter had been entrusted with the gospel to the circumcised 8 for he who worked through Peter for the mission to the circumcised worked through me also for Apostle peter essay Gentiles9 and when they perceived the grace that was given to me, James and Cephas and John, who were reputed to be pillars, gave to me and Barnabas the right hand of fellowship.
Was Clement conveying historical information here? I don't think so. Clement isn't the only source that relates this idea.
In fact, in some ancient sources "Cephas" is said to be one of the Twelve. There seems to have been a great deal of confusion on the matter. We know Clement's view only through the later writings of Eusebius. Actually, Clement's original source has been lost to us. We know this was Clement's view only because it comes to us through Eusebius: It is easy to explain how the alternate tradition emerged.
As Allison shows, the tradition probably sprung up in response to embarrassment over the passage in Galatians 2 where Paul condemns "Cephas" for hypocrisy. The shift in names is not at all unsurprising. Important Jewish figures often went by more than one name e.
In fact, in the work Joseph and Aseneth, the shift occurs in the space of a single verse: Likewise, in the Testament of Jacob the Patriarch is identified as both "Jacob" and "Israel" alternatively, as Allison notes, "even in the same paragraph".
In fact, Cephas appears to be an Aramaic form of "Peter". See, for example, Romans 8: Moreover, Peter himself went by yet another name: In some places other New Testament writers offer alternate names for him, describing him as both "Simon" and "Peter". If writers could do this with the name "Simon", why couldn't Paul do the same?
Other examples of figures going by two names could also be mentioned. In Acts, we have one person who is sometimes identified as "Mark" cf.
In short, given these examples, is it really likely that the shift in names in Galatians 2 really points to the identity of another disciple? Jesus calls Simon Peter "Cephas" in John.
You shall be called Cephas' which means Peter " John 1: Paul elsewhere reports that after the resurrection Jesus "appeared to Cephas, then to the twelve" 1 Cor Ehrman thinks the construction here indicates that Cephas was not one of the twelve, but the Greek does not necessarily indicate that, as Allison observes p.
What is interesting is that Luke reports something similar. The honor of being the first male disciple to see the Lord is in some way associated with both Cephas and Peter. Are we really to believe still that these figures are not to be identified with one another? Cephas as a "pillar" with James and John.
Paul specifically identifies "Cephas" as among of the three figures reputed to be "pillars" of the church.peter the apostle essaysThe most dominant figure among the followers of Christ in the gospels is Peter, prince of the Apostles.
Saint Peter was originally known as Simon, the son of Juda. He was born into the Jewish faith but like so many of his follow Jews at this time, he was attracted to the Ba.
Bob Deffinbaugh. Robert L. (Bob)Deffinbaugh graduated from Dallas Theological Seminary with his Th.M. in Bob is a pastor/teacher and elder at Community Bible Chapel in Richardson, Texas, and has contributed many of his Bible study series for use by the Foundation.
1 E. F. Harrison, Romans in The Expositor’s Bible Commentary, 2 Harrison, Romans, caninariojana.comgh we would disagree with some of Harrison’s dates by as much as one year (probably late 55 or early 56 is the date for Romans), one simply cannot be more precise and dogmatic in this chronology.
The Apostle Peter, often known as Saint Peter, was the most prominent disciple of Jesus Christ.
During his life, he followed Christ with very much devotion, and truly believed in . Paul The Apostle Of The New Testament Religion Essay.
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