Session One Begin the lesson by asking students what needs to be present in order for a speech to occur. The class should discuss audience and the importance of identifying the audience for speeches, since they occur in particular moments in time and are delivered to specific audiences.
Karl Marx According to Karl Marxthe bourgeois during Middle Ages usually was a self-employed businessman — such as a merchant, banker, or entrepreneur — whose economic role in society was being the financial intermediary to the feudal landlord and the peasant who worked the fief, Analyzing speeches la land of the lord.
Yet, by the 18th century, the time of the Industrial Revolution — and of industrial capitalism, the bourgeoisie had become the economic ruling class who owned the means of production capital and landand who controlled the means of coercion armed forces and legal system, police forces and prison system.
In such a society, the bourgeoisie's ownership of the means of production allowed them to employ and exploit the wage-earning working class urban and ruralpeople whose only economic means is labour; Analyzing speeches la the bourgeois control of the means of coercion suppressed the sociopolitical challenges by the lower classes, and so preserved the economic status quo; workers remained workers, and employers remained employers.
Besides describing the social class who owns the means of productionthe Marxist use of the term "bourgeois" also describes the consumerist style of life derived from the ownership of capital and real property. Marx acknowledged the bourgeois industriousness that created wealth, but criticised the moral hypocrisy of the bourgeoisie when they ignored the alleged origins of their wealth: Further sense denotations of "bourgeois" describe ideological concepts such as "bourgeois freedom", which is thought to be opposed to substantive forms of freedom; "bourgeois independence"; "bourgeois personal individuality"; the "bourgeois family"; et cetera, all derived from owning capital and property see The Communist Manifesto France and French-speaking countries[ edit ] In English, the term bourgeoisie is often used to denote the middle classes.
In fact, the French term encompasses both the upper and middle classes,  a misunderstanding which has occurred in other languages as well. The bourgeoisie in France and many French-speaking countries consists of four evolving social layers: Petite Bourgeoisie The petite bourgeoisie refers to "a social class that is between the middle class and the lower class: They tend to belong to a family that has been bourgeois for three or more generations.
The moyenne bourgeoisie is the equivalent of the British and American upper-middle classes. Grande bourgeoisie[ edit ] The grande bourgeoisie are families that have been bourgeois since the 19th century, or for at least four or five generations.
This bourgeois family has acquired an established historical and cultural heritage over the decades.
The names of these families are generally known in the city where they reside, and their ancestors have often contributed to the region's history. These families are respected and revered. They belong to the upper class, and in the British class system are considered part of the gentry.
In the French-speaking countries, they are sometimes referred la petite haute bourgeoisie. In France, it is composed of bourgeois families that have existed since the French Revolution.
They have rich cultural and historical heritages, and their financial means are more than secure. These families exude an aura of nobility, which prevents them from certain marriages or occupations. These people nevertheless live a lavish lifestyle, enjoying the company of the great artists of the time.
In France, the families of the haute bourgeoisie are also referred to as les familles, a term coined in the first half of the 20th century.
In the French language, the term bourgeoisie almost designates a caste by itself, even though social mobility into this socio-economic group is possible. Nazism[ edit ] Nazism rejected the Marxist concept of internationalist class strugglebut supported the "class struggle between nations", and sought to resolve internal class struggle in the nation while it identified Germany as a proletarian nation fighting against plutocratic nations.
The financial collapse of the white collar middle-class of the s figures much in their strong support of Nazism. InPrime Minister Mussolini gave a speech wherein he established a clear ideological distinction between capitalism the social function of the bourgeoisie and the bourgeoisie as a social classwhom he dehumanised by reducing them into high-level abstractions: Philosophically, as a materialist creature, the bourgeois man was stereotyped as irreligious; thus, to establish an existential distinction between the supernatural faith of the Roman Catholic Church and the materialist faith of temporal religion; in The Autarchy of Culture: Intellectuals and Fascism in the s, the priest Giuseppe Marino said that: Christianity is essentially anti-bourgeois.
A Christian, a true Christian, and thus a Catholicis the opposite of a bourgeois. Middle class, middle man, incapable of great virtue or great vice: The bourgeois is the average man who does not accept to remain such, and who, lacking the strength sufficient for the conquest of essential values—those of the spirit—opts for material ones, for appearances.
Any assumption of legitimate political power government and rule by the bourgeoisie represented a fascist loss of totalitarian state power for social control through political unity—one people, one nation, and one leader.
Sociologically, to the fascist man, to become a bourgeois was a character flaw inherent to the masculine mystique; therefore, the ideology of Italian fascism scornfully defined the bourgeois man as "spiritually castrated". The material culture of the bourgeoisie concentrated on mass-produced luxury goods of high quality; between generations, the only variance was the materials with which the goods were manufactured.
In the early part of the 19th century, the bourgeois house contained a home that first was stocked and decorated with hand-painted porcelainmachine-printed cotton fabrics, machine-printed wallpaperand Sheffield steel crucible and stainless.
The utility of these things was inherent to their practical functions. By the latter part of the 19th century, the bourgeois house contained a home that had been remodelled by conspicuous consumption.
Here, Benjamin argues, the goods were bought to display wealth discretionary incomerather than for their practical utility. The bourgeoisie had transposed the wares of the shop window to the sitting room, where the clutter of display signalled bourgeois success.
Culture and Anarchy Two spatial constructs manifest the bourgeois mentality:Analyzing the Theme of Freedom in Three Speeches.
Students define freedom based on three freedom-themed speeches and make an argument about a current political topic referencing their definition and citations from the speeches.
Analyzing Famous Speeches as Arguments. Determine an author’s point of view or purpose in a text in which the rhetoric is particularly effective, analyzing how style and content contribute to the power, persuasiveness or beauty of the text.
Belongs to: Craft and Structure. Analyzing Speeches The Lesson Activities will help you meet these educational goals: 21st Century Skills—You will assess and validate information. Nov 01, · The Office of Public Affairs (OPA) is the single point of contact for all inquiries about the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA).
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Critically Analyzing a Speech: The Classical System Download. While all speeches must have an introduction, body, and closing, many have other sections designed to elicit a certain response from the audience.
Effective rhetoricians put great thought into how to arrange their ideas. Jan 31, · President Trump opened his State of the Union speech Tuesday night with a plea for unity forged on common ground.
By the end of his address, it was clear how little he would give up for it.