The Jews figured in Nazi ideology as the arch-enemy of the Aryan race The Jews were not the only victims of Nazism. It is estimated that as many as 15 million civilians were killed by this murderous and racist regime, including millions of Slavs and 'asiatics',Gypsies and members of various other groups.
Nazi anti-Semitism and the origins of the Holocaust Even before the Nazis came to power in Germany inthey had made no secret of their anti-Semitism. Nazi anti-Semitism was rooted in religious anti-Semitism and enhanced by political anti-Semitism.
To this the Nazis added a further dimension: Nazi racial ideology characterized the Jews as Untermenschen German: The Nazis portrayed the Jews as a race and not as a religious group. Religious anti-Semitism could be resolved by conversion, political anti-Semitism by expulsion.
Ultimately, the logic of Nazi racial anti-Semitism led to annihilation.
Hitler opposed Jews for the values they brought into the world. Social justice and compassionate assistance to the weak stood in the way of what he perceived as the natural order, in which the powerful exercise unrestrained power.
When Hitler came to power legally on January 30,as the head of a coalition governmenthis first objective was to consolidate power and to eliminate political opposition. The assault against the Jews began on April 1 with a boycott of Jewish businesses.
A week later the Nazis dismissed Jews from the civil serviceand by the end of the month the participation of Jews in German schools was restricted by a quota. On May 10 thousands of Nazi students, together with many professors, stormed university libraries and bookstores in 30 cities throughout Germany to remove tens of thousands of books written by non- Aryans and those opposed to Nazi ideology.
As discrimination against Jews increased, German law required a legal definition of a Jew and an Aryan. Jews were reduced to subjects of the state.
That task was left to the bureaucracy. Two basic categories were established in November: Thus, the definition of a Jew was primarily based not on the identity an individual affirmed or the religion he or she practiced but on his or her ancestry.
Categorization was the first stage of destruction. For those Jews who felt themselves fully German and who had patriotically fought in World War Ithe Nazification of German society was especially painful. Religious philosopher Martin Buber led an effort at Jewish adult educationpreparing the community for the long journey ahead.
By the late s there was a desperate search for countries of refuge. Those who could obtain visas and qualify under stringent quotas emigrated to the United States. Many went to Palestinewhere the small Jewish community was willing to receive refugees.
Still others sought refuge in neighbouring European countries. Most countries, however, were unwilling to receive large numbers of refugees.
Responding to domestic pressures to act on behalf of Jewish refugees, U. In his invitation to government leaders, Roosevelt specified that they would not have to change laws or spend government funds; only philanthropic funds would be used for resettlement. Britain was assured that Palestine would not be on the agenda.
The result was that little was attempted and less accomplished. Over the next 48 hours rioters burned or damaged more than 1, synagogues and ransacked and broke the windows of more than 7, businesses. Some 30, Jewish men between the ages of 16 and 60 were arrested and sent to concentration camps.
Police stood by as the violence—often the action of neighbours, not strangers—occurred. The pogrom was given a quaint name: In its aftermath, Jews lost the illusion that they had a future in Germany. Pedestrians viewing a Jewish store in Berlin damaged during Kristallnacht, November 10, The Jewish community was fined one billion Reichsmarks.
Moreover, Jews were made responsible for cleaning up the damage. German Jews, but not foreign Jews, were barred from collecting insurance. In addition, Jews were soon denied entry to theatresforced to travel in separate compartments on trains, and excluded from German schools.
These new restrictions were added to earlier prohibitions, such as those barring Jews from earning university degrees, from owning businesses, or from practicing law or medicine in the service of non-Jews. Political dissidents, trade unionists, and Social Democrats were among the first to be arrested and incarcerated in concentration camps.69 rows · This article presents a partial list of the most prominent Nazi German .
Nazi Germany built extermination camps (also called death camps or killing centers) during the Holocaust in World War II, to systematically kill millions of Jews, Slavs, Roma, Soviet POWs, political opponents and others whom the Nazis considered "Untermenschen" ("subhumans").The victims of death camps were killed primarily by gassing either in permanent installations constructed for this.
Special Note: This site is intended to be educational. Some of the images included in this Holocaust project may be disturbing, especially for younger learners. Established in March , the Dachau concentration camp was the first regular concentration camp established by the Nazis in caninariojana.com camp was located on the grounds of an abandoned munitions factory near the medieval town of Dachau, about 10 miles northwest of Munich in the state of Bavaria, which is located in southern Germany.
The concentration camps, T he Nazis set up their first concentration camp, Dachau, in the wake of Hitler’s takeover of power in By the end of the war, 22 main concentration camps were established, together with around 1, affiliate camps, Aussenkommandos, and thousands of smaller camps.
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